What is formal education?
What is Formal Education? Education is the process that is carried out to instruct and train a person. Formal, on the other hand, is what has formality. That is, with a mode of development or execution that adjusts to certain requirements or parameters.
The idea of formal education refers to the integral process that begins with initial education or primary education. It goes through secondary education and reaches higher education.
Usually, a certain workload is specified that students must take to be in a position to take the corresponding exams.
It can be said that formal education is that given in establishments approved by state authorities and organized in regular school cycles.
Non-formal education, on the other hand, is not tied to rules or planning. In general, it offers greater freedom to the student. It does not award degrees or awards diplomas that are not officialized by the State.
What is the meaning of formal education?
This means that formal education always takes place in a specific space and time. There is a start and end date for the course. In this sense, the planning of each center when dosing the contents is essential. So within formal education, we can encompass all the type of education that is transmitted in an educational center.
The advantage of formal education is that it involves carrying out a program according to a calendar. Therefore, the center chooses the educational topics that are going to be taught to the students. They adjust to certain dates. This requires responsibility and seriousness when teaching the course. Since there are established dates on which objectives must be met.
All the contents that are taught in the center require supervision. Planning is something that requires a lot of time and care. Discipline is also essential so that the program can develop as planned. The disadvantage of this aspect is the lack of attention of many children in the classrooms. That can impair the development of the classes. Also a cut in the calendar unexpectedly due to other circumstances such as an absence from work of the teacher who teaches the subject.
What is non-formal education?
Education can be defined as the two-way process through which knowledge, values, customs, and ways of acting are transmitted. The result of this process is also called education. It is materialized in the series of skills, knowledge, attitudes, and values acquired. Generally, when we talk about education, the first thing we think about is school.
Education has been limited to schooling. And unfortunately, we discard or downplay other practices, spaces, and social settings. That are just as or more important for the formation of people.
People, as members of society, learn the keys to their culture. They not only learn it in school but in a cluster of spaces, processes, institutions, personal relationships. Learning methods may also include receiving messages and proposals, developing codes, and interpreting social norms. That include not only knowledge as such, but beliefs, values, knowledge, skills, aptitudes, and feelings.
The non-formal education is no less important than the school in the formation of the subjects. Non-formal education is important because it integrates what the school takes or never gets to incorporate into its programs.
Non-formal learning is intentional from the learner’s perspective. Non-formal education occurs in those contexts in which an educational intention and planning of teaching-learning experiences take place. These occur outside the scope of compulsory schooling.
What is formal education with examples?
Formal education is a concept that is used to define the entire training and learning process. It is imparted by the official educational establishments of society. This includes schools, colleges, institutes, and universities, among other educational centers.
This training is carried out in a methodical and planned way. It allows access to different degrees or certificates. These are recognized by the State. In general, the training process begins with preschool. It continues with initial or primary education. It lasts through secondary school, and ends with university or higher education.
Normally, formal education follows a program that is designed by a state or a private institute. In that, the foundations and training goals to be achieved are set.
To do this, students must attend classes taught by teachers and professors. They take certain subjects, meet a certain time load in educational establishments and take exams.
It is also distinguished from non-formal education. That has planning and organization but is developed outside the space of compulsory schooling.
Why formal education is important?
In the field of education policy, a frequent distinction is made between formal, informal, and non-formal learning or education. The difference between these categories, and especially between the last two informal and non-formal, is not always clear and confusing.
Formal education: It involves the learning normally offered by an education or training center. It comes with a structured nature according to moral objectives, duration, or support. It concludes with a certification. Formal learning is intentional from the learner’s perspective.
After discussing, what is formal education, here we will discuss its importance.
It is that area of education that is intentional, planned, and regulated. This is the entire educational offer known as compulsory schooling. It is functioned from the first year of early childhood education till the end of secondary education.
It is the education that is transmitted in recognized institutions. Especially the school in its many variants, responds to an established programme. It is usually controlled by the Government or other institutions. It has different degrees of obligation according to the educational system of each country.
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