The role of education in nation-building or development:
Education is an infinite process that knows no barriers of age, creed, color, and race. For any society, simple or complex, the transmission of knowledge, skills, and attitudes to young people constitutes an important activity for the betterment of life in the community. Adult members of society also continue to learn, and this process takes place through a variety of rituals, ceremonies, and activities. Details of Education Role in Nation Building here in this article.
This education can be delivered in an informal, non-formal, or formal way. There is growing evidence to support the claim that non-formal education is an old concept with a new name.
Non-formal education in a traditional context:
Non-formal education was provided before the advent of schooling. Young people acquire the knowledge and skills for economic and social survival with a high degree of organization. It was recognized and experienced by adult members of the community who served as teachers.
Learning was community-based and carried out through observation, imitation, and on-the-job experience. Adults also continued the learning process by participating and sharing in community activities and ceremonies. Although the content, method, and orientation of the learned content were limited and restricted, they were relevant to their way of life.
The resources available and their ability to meet a broader range of family and community needs. Learning was community-based and an important process, ensuring the continuity and sustainability of community life.
At the dawn of Christianization, an intense work of non-formal education was also developed in areas such as literacy, agriculture, home economics, and hygiene. When these classes were replaced by formal education, these traditional forms of organized and structured learning were no longer highlighted and valued.
Although they continued to influence the cultural and social life of rural communities. Formal education was more highly appreciated and regarded as prestigious as it paved the way for “office jobs,” mainly in modern sectors of society.
We have to admit that formal education has contributed to preparing educated and educated human resources for the modern economy and will continue to play an important role in this area. However, we must also accept the reality that there is a discrepancy between the aspirations of those who graduate from school and the opportunities for paid employment.
Foundations of non-formal education
In the 1970s, it was initially perceived as a two-function activity. First, as a “second chance at education” for those who have dropped out of the school system. The Government developed training programs in various trades to enable school dropouts to be trained and acquire skills that they could use independently to generate their livelihoods. Although good results were achieved in some cases, the programs were largely unsuccessful as parents viewed the program as a second-order activity. They preferred that their children receive formal education to obtain jobs.
Apart from the needs of students who graduated from school, technical changes and rapid social transformations required permanent education and professional retraining in various types of knowledge and skills, both for those who work in areas where more modern technologies are used as well as for those who work in the rural community.
Educated Society is known for its distinctiveness. People of such societies stand out among others. Their culture, norms, and rules reflect explicitly in their behaviors and communication. Their potential to perform in every field is due to their unity and well-organized societal standards.