Early childhood education:
What do you mean by early childhood education? Why this education is important? What is the purpose? so many questions arise in your mind when you think about this term. Here we have extensively compiled information for you in just one article. Read it till the end to get the best and helpful knowledge about this topic.
Early Childhood Education is provided to children who are below the age of 6. The learning that is acquired in this period is the foundation for children. It affects their physical, mental, emotional, and social growth. They learn to behave, speak and express things in an appropriate manner. Their surroundings and environment matter in this instance.
In the cycles of Early Childhood Education, affective development, movement, and habits of body control are included in the training. Manifestations of communication and language, the elementary guidelines of coexistence, and social relationships are also progressively addressed.
Also its emphasis on the discovery of the physical and social characteristics of the environment. It encourages girls and boys to achieve a positive and balanced image of themselves and acquire personal autonomy.
Early childhood education is an important factor. So, getting education has been made compulsory for students to a certain age. Their capacity to learn and acquire is stronger in their early childhood. Early schooling is the best time to teach them what is best and important.
They get spontaneous learning. They get to know different things from their surrounded people. Parents and teachers play an important role in early childhood education. They try to maintain good behavior and teach them better things.
What is the purpose of early childhood education?
Early Childhood Education helps to develop in children the capacities that allow them to:
Know their self and that of others. Their possibilities of action and learn to respect differences. They learn to somehow observe good and bad behavior. They get to understand what the reactions can be and what people may feel like.
They learn to acquire progressively autonomy in their usual activities. They develop their affective capacities. Children at this age become able to relate with others. They gradually acquire basic guidelines for coexistence and social relationships as well as exercise in the peaceful resolution of conflicts.
Through early childhood education, kids develop communication skills in different languages and forms of expression. They get progress in logical-mathematical skills, in reading-writing, and movement, gesture, and rhythm.
What do you learn in early childhood education?
Each country has its educational program. But in general, it is a system that contributes to the child’s development and learning process in several areas:
Emotions: children learn to regulate their emotions, resolve conflicts, and respect the rules of coexistence in the classroom.
Communication: Through this type of education, they get the confidence to handle things on their own. They start to express their thoughts. The time teaches them to have a dialogue with the people they interact with. It enhances the ability to listen patiently, speak and appropriately tell things whether in the class or at home.
Interest in reading: they still do not know how to read or write. However, from the early stages of early childhood education, it is about enhancing the interest. It develops their taste for books by reading in class bringing stories to preschool children.
Physical strength: In this, kids get to participate in multiple games that include body movements. They learn to play sports, do activities and get to play in groups. It not only builds up their physical strength, but also it teaches how to act and play among different people. These are the activities that improve your coordination, control, manipulation, and movement skills.
Letters and numbers: the child is not taught to read or write, but rather to put him in contact with the world of letters and written language. Also with the numbers and the amount they represent.
Interest in the environment: it is about training children so that they know natural phenomena and living beings, at the same time that they acquire habits that are favorable to caring for the environment.
Stimulate creativity: initiatives are encouraged for the child to use the imagination and express it through music, painting, theatre.
Values: It is an important part of their learning. They must get to know the basic and mandatory values of living together. Children must show concern towards others, learn to give others respect, and try to become good citizens. That is what contributes to their well-being within society. Their learning also includes tolerance, empathy, and patience which are the basic principles for life in society.
Reading, writing, adding, and subtracting are some of the first notions that children acquire upon arrival at school. These contents, key tools for their development, will be followed by others, such as mastery of language, mathematics, or knowledge of English.
Preschool education ranges from 3 to 5 years old. It is not compulsory in most countries. But it is based on the stimulation of the intellectual, emotional, and motor development of the child. So that he can take advantage of it when he begins primary education (already compulsory) at the age of 6 years.
Early childhood education provides the training that makes children behave according to the norms of society. It helps them create an aura that is unique and acceptable to everyone around them. Everything that they learn in their early stage, is helpful in their future.
Why is early childhood education important?
Importance of Early Childhood Education.
Early childhood education is very important for the mental development of children and adolescents, therefore, the global trend is to achieve stimulation for educational purposes, increasingly early in children. Even the course considered compulsory in Initial Education has been lowered.
Early childhood learnings are important because kids get to know things, react and communicate for the very first time. They do many things which they have never done before. It is a precious time for them and their parents as well. Their way to contact people, the way they sense things, their expressions, everything is valuable for them. Their sensations are pure and new.
The time they start going to school is also very important. That is when their enhanced learning and development take place. It is the time when they grow socially and acquire cognitive and motor skills. This learning will be with them for a lifetime and they will either polish their skills or follow things as it is.
Early childhood education is considered to be the best training that contributes to children’s:
- Physical development
- Intellectual development
- Affective, Children learn to interact socially. They are morally developed and get to acquire different thing around them which are effective and beneficial for them
Early Childhood Education must promote experiences in children that stimulate their complete personal development. That is why the following aspects are addressed in primary school education:
- The senses
- The movements
- The language
- The language or body expression
- Body awareness
- Social relationships
- Expression of affectivity
- Respect for diversity
- Spatial and temporal orientation
- Understanding of concepts
- Written language
The importance of early childhood education should not be underestimated. That, of course, has a large component of family support. But even in some cases where the child can stay at home or with grandparents, it is equally important that they go to Initial Training Centers. While being in those centers for training, they can even learn better with the guidance of a professional trainer. Their children will indulge in different activities. They will interact more socially and will develop a skill to create things, make the decision and learn to handle thing on their own.
What is your philosophy of early childhood education?
The upbringing allows a child to grow holistically (physically, mentally, and socially). That includes food, health care, protection, cognitive and emotional stimulation, affection, and the safety of the environment. This is the responsibility of families. But also it is the concern of the States, who must ensure access to quality education and health services.
What matters is complete nutrition, educational opportunities, different experiences, freedom of expression, and work in multiple environments. Everything is really helpful in human intellectual and cognitive development. The stimuli to which your brain is exposed is also a key to the exploration of your skills.
As we know, the experiences that a child lives both in the family environment and in other environments. That includes a school as the fundamental. In this sense, initial education plays an important role in the construction of certain cognitive and social skills. That is acquired from your first school after your home.
Its impact is observed on physical and strong well-being. One’s language skills, understanding of mathematical concepts, the ability to sustain attention and self-regulate the learning process itself, and emotions among others are a reflection of your early childhood education.
Numerous studies suggest that this study results in the ability to understand and break words into their fundamental sounds. Also, it makes students be able to manipulate them in preschool-age children. It affects their performance on reading and writing tasks in primary education.
The initial development of mathematical skills in primary school is important. This subject teaches them to play with numbers. It trains them to handle complex things and get skilled in the area. Some teachers teach it in a fun way that is more interactive and interesting for students.
Executive functions are critical for school and so social development. These are functions that in turn give rise to other important skills. Those are referred to as the ability to remember the information. That information is necessary to complete a task, filter distractions, resist inappropriate impulses, sustain attention, set goals, plan how to achieve them, monitor the result, and manage own and other’s emotions.
All this learning and teaching process takes a slow and long-time. Children keep learning things from their being infants till their adolescence. There are different activities such as imaginative play, regulated play, and physical activity that help to explore their abilities.
Role of the teacher:
Of course, the role of the teacher is central to the bond. They know how to build a teaching relationship with the children. They support them and make them feel safe and calm within the schools.
Children’s brains need to develop in interactions with emotionally empathetic adults. They must interact with the people around them. They must have friends and play with them. Parents, teachers, and other relations play a vital role in providing them with a productive and better environment.
Effective investment in early childhood enables each child to promote their potential to live happily and become a full adult. Those children who do not have the access to best of their fundamental training may have a risk. They may not be able to catch up with the completive students. Their potential to perform better and have emotional stimulation will not work up to the mark.
Investment in human development:
Investment in human development should be the state’s main plan to achieve progress and social equity. Early childhood education is really helpful in this regard. It leads students to think beyond the boundaries. Their contributions to the country’s development are effective and progressive. from the very beginning of their learning process, they start developing a sense of responsibility towards their country.
There is nothing of higher priority to remedy. Having a strong learning experience is as important for a child to build a strong persona among thousands of others. It will enable them to stand out and shine among others. It does not just affect personal development, but also it is the deal of societal progress.
Comprehensive, effective, sustained, and quality investment in our children and adolescents must become a national policy. It combines the efforts of civil society, the private sector, and of course, the State. For this reason, comprehensive and effective policies and programs for early childhood must be a State’s policy.